Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS)
Emergency Management System (SEMS) is a statewide California system used by
police officers, firefighters and other first responders in disaster events.
The main purpose of the Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS) is to
aid with communication and response by providing a common communication and
management system during a disaster.
As a result of the 1991
East Hills Fire in Oakland, California, Senate Bill 1841 was introduced in the
State legislature to establish the Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS).
The regulations governing SEMS became effective September 2, 1994. The intent
of this law was to improve the coordination of state and local emergency first
responders in California. The law is found in Section 8607 of the State of
California Government Code.
The law stipulates that
all State agencies must use the Standardized Emergency
Management System (SEMS) in responding to emergencies involving multiple
jurisdictions or multiple agencies. Local governments must use SEMS in
responding to emergencies involving multiple jurisdictions or multiple agencies
to be eligible for state funding for response-related personnel costs.
The basic framework of
the Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS) incorporates the use of the
Incident Command System (ICS). SEMS is designed to be flexible and adaptable to
varied emergencies and to meet the emergency management needs of all
responders. SEMS is a management system and provides the organizational
framework acting as an umbrella under which all response agencies may function
in an integrated fashion.
EMERGENCY MANAGMENT SYSTEM – FIVE LEVELS
Emergency Management System (SEMS) organizes a five-level emergency response,
activated as needed, to provide an effective response to multi-agency or
multi-jurisdiction emergencies. SEMS allows the response to expand or contract
as the incident requires. Each level uses the same Incident Command System
Commands emergency response personnel and resources to carry out tactical
decisions and activities in direct response to an incident or threat.
Manages and coordinates the overall emergency response and recovery activities
within their jurisdiction.
Manages and coordinates information, resources and priorities among local
governments and special districts within the operational area and serves as the
coordination and communication link between the local governmental level and the
regional level. NOTE: An operational area is the geographical boundaries of a
Manages and coordinates information and resources among operational areas within
the mutual aid region and between operational areas and the state level. This
level, along with the state level, coordinates overall state agency support for
emergency response activities.
Manages state resources in response to the emergency needs of the other levels,
manages and coordinates mutual aid among the mutual aid regions and between the
regional level and state level. It also serves as the coordination and
communication link with the federal disaster response system.